• 写这个的时候发现了一个小细节,不加headers的情况下,列表页里面一页的数据是20,加了正常的headers之后数据就和浏览器中浏览到的商品数一致了,为48。虽然页面内商品数量和浏览器观察的不一致,但是分类内商品总数没有变化,也就是页数变多了,为了效率更高一点,还是加上了headers。怀疑是wap页面,但是也没有找到网站的wap站,所以不了了之。
  • 另外就是半夜1点多写好了之后,看起来没问题了跑起来了,早上起来发现报错,对方服务器积极拒绝,所以把延时0.5秒去掉了,加了个死循环,这样还靠谱一点。
  • sqlite数据库我记得不需要完整路径,但是测试数据库插入的时候,报错为找不到表,改为绝对路径后错误消失,暂不清楚原因。

下面为执行截图

import requests
import csv
import time
import sqlite3
import re
from lxml import etree

class yami:
    def __init__(self):
        self.site = 'http://www.yamibuy.com/cn/'
        self.headers = {
            'User-Agent':'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/55.0.2883.87 Safari/537.36'
        }
        self.CONN = sqlite3.connect('F:\python\yamibuy\yami.db')
        self.CUR = self.CONN.cursor()
        
        self.main_loop()

    #主循环
    def main_loop(self):
        #遍历分类
        for cat in self.get_list():
            print(cat)
            #遍历分页
            for page in range(1,555):
                url = 'http://www.yamibuy.com/cn/{0}&brands=&brand_name_list=&sort_order=0&sort_by=3&page={1}'.format(cat[3],page)
                data = self.list_page(cat,url,page)
                if len(data) == 0:
                    break
                self.goods_sql(data)
            print(cat[:3], 'done')
    
    #插入数据
    def goods_sql(self,data):
        for item in data:
            sql = 'INSERT INTO "main"."yami_0228" ("name", "price", "url", "cat1", "cat2", "cat3", "brand", "brand_c", "weight", "comment") VALUES (\'{0}\');'.format("','".join(item))
            self.CUR.execute(sql)
            self.CONN.commit()

    #获取列表页
    def list_page(self, cat, url, page):
        time.sleep(1)
        html_str = requests.get(url,headers=self.headers).text
        html = etree.HTML(html_str)
        goods_list = html.xpath('//*[@id="itemContainer"]/div[1]/div/div/a[3]')
        if len(goods_list) == 0:
            return []
        print('page', page, len(goods_list))
        result = []
        for goods in goods_list:
            goods_url = self.site + goods.get('href')
            goods_page = self.goods_page(goods_url)
            result.append((
                goods.xpath('div/p[1]/text()')[0].replace("'",'-'),
                #goods_price
                goods.xpath('div/p[2]/text()')[0],
                goods_url
            ) + cat[:3] + goods_page
            )
        return result
    
    #获取商品详情页
    def goods_page(self,goods_url):
        # print(goods_url)
        # time.sleep(0.5)
        flag = True
        while flag:
            try:
                html_str = requests.get(goods_url,headers=self.headers).text
                flag = False
            except:
                pass
            
        html = etree.HTML(html_str)
        
        comment = html.xpath('/html/body/div[1]/div[4]/div/div[2]/div[2]/a[1]/text()')
        comment = self.check(comment,'0')
        if comment != '0':
            comment = re.findall('\d+',comment)[0]
        
        brand = html.xpath('//div[@class="selling-points"]/p[1]/a/text()')
        brand = self.check(brand,'')
        brand = brand.replace("'",'-')
        
        brand_c = html.xpath('//div[@class="selling-points"]/p[2]/text()')
        brand_c = self.check(brand_c,'')

        weight = html.xpath('//div[@class="selling-points"]/p[3]/text()')
        weight = self.check(weight,'')
        weight = weight.replace("'",'-')
        
        return (brand,brand_c,weight,comment)
    
    def check(self,value,preset):
        if len(value) == 0:
            return preset
        else:
            return value[0]
    
    #获取三级分类列表
    def get_list(self):
        html_str = requests.get(self.site).text
        html = etree.HTML(html_str)

        cat_1_list = html.xpath('/html/body/div[1]/div[1]/div[3]/div/div[2]/div')
        for cat_1 in cat_1_list:
            cat_1_name = cat_1.xpath('div[1]/h2/text()')[0]

            cat_2_list = cat_1.xpath('div[2]/div/div[1]/div')
            for cat_2 in cat_2_list:
                cat_2_name = cat_2.xpath('p/a/text()')[0]

                cat_3_list = cat_2.xpath('ul/li/a')
                for cat_3 in cat_3_list:
                    cat_3_name = cat_3.text

                    yield (cat_1_name,cat_2_name,cat_3_name,cat_3.get('href'))

if __name__ == '__main__':
    yami()
CREATE TABLE "yami_0228" (
"id"  INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT NOT NULL,
"name"  TEXT,
"price"  TEXT,
"url"  TEXT,
"cat1"  TEXT,
"cat2"  TEXT,
"cat3"  TEXT,
"brand"  TEXT,
"brand_c"  TEXT,
"weight"  TEXT,
"comment"  TEXT
);

不常做手有点生了

最后修改:2019 年 11 月 13 日 12 : 26 AM